Professional System Control Solution of Industrial Washing Machine Provided by AC70

Part 1. Summary

In recent years, frequency inverters are more widely used in industrial washing equipments, which have brought a new technological revolution to the industrial washing equipments. From the earliest semi-automatic washing machine of non-adjustable speed to the full automatic washing machine driven by two double speed motors, and finally it is developed to the multi-rate modern washing machine which is driven by only one motor.

industrial-washing-machine.jpg

Part 2. Working Process of Industrial Washing Machine

Firstly, add water, and then it washes 25 minutes via reverse rotating and forward rotating. After the washing process finished, it drains water and enter into the dehydration process. The dehydration phase includes 3 processes: evenly distribution of cloth, medium-speed dehydration and high-speed dehydration. In the condition of with water and without water, the industrial washing machine distributes cloth evenly via forward rotating at a high speed (higher than the rotating speed during washing process) for 1.5 minutes so as to let the clothes uniformly attached to the inside of the drum, ensuring that the subsequent dehydration process is smooth. After the drainage, industrial washing machine increases the speed entering into the medium-speed dehydration process (2 minutes) and then the high-speed dehydration process (5 minutes), so the moisture content of clothing is decreased to the required level. The following flow chart shows the working process of industrial washing machine:

working process of industrial washing machine.png

Part 3. The Requirements of Industrial Washing Machines

Industrial washing machine requires that frequency inverter can provide high torque, multi-speed, wide voltage range, automatic slip compensation and convenient communication modes. The frequency inverter can work with stable performance, adaptable to the high temperature and high humidity working environment of various hotel laundries, meanwhile, the frequency inverter should meet the specific washing process requirements of industrial washing equipments as well as meeting the service requirements of the specific customer base.

There are two requirements during speed setting process:

(1) Multi-speed way: directly set the speed of each process on the frequency converter.

(2) Communication mode: set the speed of each process via the washing machine dedicated control PC board.

The rotating speed of each washing process of industrial washing machine:

Washing process: 30rpm;
Evenly distribution of cloth: 60rpm;
Medium-speed dehydration: 400rpm;
High-speed dehydration: 700 to 800rpm.

Part 4. Application Characteristics of VEICHI AC70 When Using on Industrial Washing Machine

VEICHI AC70 sensorless vector control inverter features excellent performance, reliable quality, preferential price, simple adjustment, and simple operation. Moreover, it adopts the V/F curve self-regulation technology which is especially designed for industrial washing machine’s technical requirements, so that the industrial washing equipments can start smoothly with low current and stable running performance. This is reason why our AC70 is highly recognized by our customers.

With the special V/F curve automatic promotion function, AC70 can optimize the V/F curve according to the actual needs of each process, besides, it also has powerful multi-velocity function (8-section speed). On industrial washing machines, the V/F curve is generally required as follows:

vf curve of industrial washing machine.jpg

(A, a) point can be in the origin, the range of A is roughly between 0.00 ~ 4.00Hz, the range of a is roughly between 0 to 25V. Adjusting (A, a) point can influence the device starting torque, thus affecting the washing speed of equipment. If the (A, a) point moves downward, then the starting frequency of washing equipment will be low, and the equipment will start slowly yet stably, requiring that the frequency inverter has large starting torque at low frequency.

(B, b) point regulation directly influences the running current of washing process. If the slope between the points (A, a) and (B, b) is large, i.e., the V/F curve is steep, the operating current will be large. If the slope is too gentle, it will be also not available. Therefore, we need to adjust it according to the practical experience.

Taking 100kg type washing machine as an example:

(A, a) point: 2.00Hz, 24V; (B, b) point: 25.00Hz, 112V; (C, c) point: 50.00Hz, 380V

After the test on the 100kg type washing machine (AC70-T3-11G, 11kW), the data are as follows:

 

Starting Current (A)

Running Current (A)

Rotating Speed (rpm)

Frequency (Hz)

Washing

11.8

11.3

32

7.06

Evenly    Distribution of Cloth

13.1

7.6

60

11.66

Medium-Speed    Dehydration

7.2

1.9

350

65.36

High-Speed    Dehydration

6.7

2.8

653

123.6

We got the above data after 2 days of testing during which there was a continuous operation of 4 hours. The two-day test is without any abnormal accident and the temperature rising of frequency inverter is very low. In addition, we got the similar conclusion when testing on 30kg, 50kg and 70kg models. The running current of 100kg automatic washing machine is about 30A that it requires 15kW frequency inverter. Practice proves that VEICHI AC70 plays an important role in reducing the cost of industrial washing equipments, and it is a high-quality inverter suitable for industrial washing equipments.

Part 5. Parameter Setting

Function Code

Function Name

Set Value

Function Code

Function Name

Set Value

E-00

Control    mode

1

F-01

Multi-section    speed 1

5

E-01

Running    command given channel

1

F-02

Multi-section    speed 2

6

E-02

Main    frequency given channel

0

F-30

Fault    alarm

1

E-13

Acceleration    time

15

H-01

Self-set    voltage V1

15

E-14

Deceleration    time

45

H-02

Self-set    frequency F1

4

E-09

Maximum    frequency

130

H-03

Self-set    voltage V2

30

E-10

Upper    limiting frequency

130

H-04

Self-set    frequency F2

25

E-17

Custom    curve

4

H-05

Self-set    voltage V3

100

E-16

Digital    setting frequency

8

H-06

Self-set    frequency F3

50

H-70

Communication    setting ratio

1

F-10

Speed    setting of section 2

65.36Hz

F-09

Speed    setting of section 1

11.66Hz

F-03

Multi-section    speed 3

7

F-11

Speed    setting of section 3

123.6Hz

     

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