Photovoltaic inverters are an indispensable part of photovoltaic power generation, and their main function is to convert the DC generated by photovoltaic modules into AC.
Development of domestic photovoltaic inverters:
At the beginning, the selection and design of inverters for domestic photovoltaic power stations, the inverters are generally selected as large as possible. That is, large-scale ground power stations use centralized 500kW, distributed medium and large-scale power stations use 100-250kW centralized inverters, and string inverters below 100kW.
1. The string inverter has MPPT at the DC end, and the AC end is connected in parallel to the grid. Its advantage is that it is less affected by module differences between strings and shadow occlusion, which increases the power generation to the greatest extent;
For example: When using a centralized photovoltaic inverter, because the photovoltaic panels are connected in series, the voltage of each string of photovoltaic panels is the same. However, when there are external factors such as shadows that cause certain components of the photovoltaic panel to fail to generate electricity normally, the corresponding areas of other photovoltaic panels cannot continue to work. Therefore, the amount of power generation is reduced, and the predetermined power cannot be achieved.
2. The string inverter MPPT has a wide voltage range, generally 250-800V, and the component configuration is more flexible. In rainy and foggy areas, the generation time is long.
3. The string-type grid-connected inverter is small in size and light in weight, and is very convenient to handle and install. In various applications, it can simplify construction and reduce land occupation, and DC line connection does not require DC combiner boxes and DC power distribution cabinets.
4. The string type photovoltaic inverter has the advantages of low self-power consumption, small failure impact, and convenient replacement and maintenance.
Photovoltaic inverter outline drawing
Module: 18 to 22 photovoltaic cell modules are connected in series to the DC input port of the photovoltaic grid-connected inverter. The photovoltaic grid-connected inverter has 12 DC input ports and can be connected to 12 strings of photovoltaic cell modules.
AC grid-connected cabinet: The AC grid-connected cabinet can aggregate the AC output of multiple photovoltaic grid-connected inverters into one channel, and connect it to a transformer or feed a 400V power grid.
Transformer: The transformer converts the low-voltage AC power output from the inverter into medium-high voltage AC power and feeds it into the 10kV / 35kV power grid. The PLC carrier communication receiving device is installed on the low-voltage side of the transformer.
Communication cabinet: The communication cabinet collects inverter data through RS485 or PLC carrier communication and forwards it to the monitoring cloud center or local monitoring.
Router: The inverter is connected to the router via WIFI to realize remote upload of data.
Monitoring cloud center: The monitoring cloud center collects inverter device information and operating data through the Internet, and implements data monitoring, fault diagnosis, and intelligent operation and maintenance of the inverter through a big data analysis system.
Local monitoring: The local monitoring implements real-time monitoring and control of the inverter.
APP: The mobile APP software reads the inverter data from the monitoring cloud center. Remote monitoring of the inverter can be achieved through the mobile APP.